Author: Andy Young

How Many People Live in Russia?

The current (2016) population of Russia is either 144,192,450 (not including Crimea) or is 146,519,759 (including Crimea). Most of the population of Russia is found in the West and South of the country. These regions have a much higher population density than either Siberia or the Russian Far East. The Russian Federation used to be a part of the Soviet Union. When the Soviet Union collapsed in 1991, the number of people living in Russia began to fall. Over the last decade that population decline has slowed and over the past few years Russia’s population has begun to grow slowly. Russian Population Decline The population of Russia was at its highest in 1991, when it hit a high of 148,689,000. The economic and political upheaval that followed the end of the Soviet Union led to an increase in death rates. This, combined with low birth rates, led to a fall in population. At one point Russia’s population was falling by 0.5% every year – that’s about a quarter of 1 million people every year. Between 1995 and 2005, the population of Russia remained relatively stable – it neither increased nor decreased substantially. In 2009, for the first time since 1991, the number of people living in Russia increased. Since then Russia’s population has been slowly but steadily growing. Crimea and Russian Population On 18 March 2014 Russia annexed Crimea,...

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Joseph Stalin: height

Nobody is exactly sure just how tall Stalin was. Contemporary reports of the exact Stalin height vary. At the lower end, people report that he was 5 foot 4 inches (163cm) tall and, at the higher end his height shoots up to around 5 foot 8 inches (173cm). The general consensus among historians seems to be that Stalin was about 5 foot 5 tall (165cm). Today, we are forced to rely on contemporary reports and analysis of photographs because there are no official records to say how tall Stalin actually was. There are no official reports about the Joseph Stalin height because Stalin was sensitive about his height, his pockmarked face and his withered left arm. In fact, he went to great lengths to conceal his lack of stature from the Soviet people and the world. How tall was Stalin – contemporary estimates Many who met Stalin in their lifetime were said to have been shocked by his diminutive, real-life presence. US President, Harry S Truman once dismissively referred to Stalin as a “little squirt”. Truman’s personal physician Wallace H Graham was one man who was surprised at the Soviet leader’’s stature. Before I met him, I had thought he was a large man,” Graham is quoted as saying.” I thought he would be a great big huge person, but no, he wasn’t at all. He and Hitler were...

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What was the Cold War?

The Cold War was a conflict between the United States of America (and its allies) and the Soviet Union (and its allies). The conflict began in the mid-1940s, just after the end of the Second World War and ended in the early 1990s with the collapse of the Soviet Union. It is called the Cold War because the USA and USSR never fought each other directly. Key events in the cold war include the Berlin airlift, the Korean War, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the crushing of revolutions in Hungary and Czechoslovakia, détente, the Vietnam War, and the fall of the Berlin Wall. This article gives a summary of the Cold War. To find out more please click the links contained in the article. When did the Cold War start? The Cold War began at the end of the second world war. The USA and USSR had very different ideologies – ways of looking at the world. The United States was a capitalist economy, and the Soviet Union had a communist economy. They each wanted to demonstrate to the world that their economic and political models were superior. They were also the two largest military powers in the world, with competing geopolitical interests. Although they were allies during the war and fought to defeat the Axis powers, their alliance was one of convenience. As the war came to a close...

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Why did Napoleon invade Russia?

Napoleon’’s invasion of Russia in 1812 was a disaster. The campaign started well as Napoleon and his Grande Armée pushed into Russia and even briefly occupied Moscow. But there the tide turned. As summer turned to winter, his army was forced into a humiliating retreat westward. Only 120,000 of his 500,000 Grande Armée returned home. Many think that the notorious French leader was simply a fool to take on the might of Imperial Russia. So why did he invade? Mastery of Europe Elsewhere, Napoleon had moved his forces through much of Europe unchallenged and it seemed that Russia and the United Kingdom were the only two nations standing in the way of complete continental dominance. As part of his on-going battle with the United Kingdom, the French had implemented their continental blockade which was effectively a full trade embargo. Without the necessary resources to defeat his enemy in battle, Napoleon had enforced the embargo against the emerging industrial power in an attempt to force poverty, debt and ultimate surrender. Russia’s part in the embargo The blockade had begun in 1806 and had become widespread across Europe but Russia was viewed as being critical to the campaign’’s success. The reason for the invasion was therefore identified by many as an attempt to keep Tsar Alexander I as a supported of the embargo. This is a more likely scenario although an...

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Catherine the Great Biography

Catherine the Great was Empress of Russia between 9 July 1762 and November 17, 1796. Catherine seized power from her husband, Peter III, in a coup d’etat and, seeing herself as an enlightened despot, reigned over what is regarded by many as a golden era of Russian enlightenment and expansion. She was famed not only for her leadership of Russia, but for her flamboyant approach to life and the number of lovers she took. This flamboyance gave rise to a number of legends, most notably (and almost certainly not true) that she died while having sex with a stallion. [thrive_tabs layout=”horz”][thrive_tab headline=”Key Facts” no=”1/1″]Born: 2 May, 1729 (Kingdom of Prussia) Birth Name: Sophie Freiderike Auguste Death: 17 November, 1896 (aged 67) Marriage: Emperor Peter III of Russia (from 25 December, 1761 to 9 July, 1762) Reign: 9 July 1762 – 17 November 1796 Title: Empress and Autocrat of all the Russias Children: Paul I of Russia, Anna Petrovna, Elizabeth Alexeeva, Alexei Bobrinsky[/thrive_tab][/thrive_tabs] Catherine’s Early Life Catherine was one of the few Russian leaders to have been born outside of Russia. Her father, Prince Christian August, ruled the Prussian Principality of Anhalt-Dornbutg. Born on 2 May 1729 as Sophie Freiderike Auguste, Catherine’s early life was a privileged one and, bright from an early age, she quickly developed a love of philosophy and literature. She also learned three languages – German, Russian and French. Her mother, Princess Johanna Elizabeth,...

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